Highlight

Homogeneous temperature data record derived from 13 years of IASI data using an artificial neural network

Bouillon et al. (2022) recently designed a neural network to retrieve atmospheric temperatures from the IASI radiance data. This new temperature data record is validated against other datasets and a good agreement is shown. Trends were computed from this new temperature dataset over the 2008–2020 period. A general warming of the troposphere, more important at […]

05.04.2022

Humidity levels to determine future liveability in the Arabian Peninsula

Human survivability in hot regions does not depend only on temperature, but also on humidity levels in ambient air. In fact, the body’s ability to shed heat is diminished when the air around it is saturated with humidity. The wet bulb temperature (also called heat stress) is the temperature of the air when it is […]

25.03.2022

Trends in spectrally resolved outgoing longwave radiation from 10 years of satellite measurements

By analyzing the changes in the spectrally resolved Earth’s Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) from 10 years of daily IASI observations, Whitburn et al. (2021) have highlighted the impact of large climate phenomena (in particular El Niño) on the surface and atmospheric temperature and atmospheric composition. More interesting from a longer-term climate monitoring perspective, they were […]

25.11.2021

Smallest 2019 ozone hole ever recorded by IASI over Antarctica

While sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events are more common in the Northern Hemisphere, Safieddine et al. (2020) investigated the rare SSW event in the Southern Hemisphere that occurred in 2019 using satellite and ground-based station data. They demonstrated the ability of the IASI instruments to detect simultaneously the stratospheric warming and the evolution of the […]

16.12.2020

Contribution of ammonia to the formation of fine particulate matter over Paris

The Paris megacity faces frequent fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution episodes in spring. At this period of the year, large numbers of the particles consist of ammonium sulfate and nitrate which are formed from ammonia (NH3) released during fertilizer spreading practices and transported from the surrounding areas to Paris. However, there is still limited knowledge […]

26.01.2020

Spaceborne Measurements of Formic and Acetic Acid: A Global View of the Regional Sources

Formic (HCOOH) and acetic (CH3COOH) acids are the most abundant carboxylic acids in the Earth’s atmosphere and contribute to the acidity of rainwater and cloud. Current knowledge is however unable to explain their elevated concentration levels measured in the atmosphere since their sources remain poorly known and quantified. The first measurements of acetic acid atmospheric […]

14.01.2020

Industrial and agricultural ammonia point sources exposed

A high-resolution map (~1km²) of the global atmospheric distribution of ammonia was generated combining almost a decade of IASI measurements (Van Damme et al., 2018). From it, they identify, categorize and quantify over 200 hotspots that could be traced back to either a single or a cluster of agricultural and industrial point sources. One natural […]

12.12.2018

First quantification of the photochemical production of lowermost tropospheric ozone from satellite observations

The photochemical production of lowermost tropospheric ozone (located below 3 km of altitude) was quantified for the first time only using satellite data (Cuesta et al., 2018). This is the first daily quantification made so close to the surface, and therefore being directly related to air quality. These results were obtained with the only satellite […]

19.10.2018

Decrease in tropospheric O3 levels of the Northern Hemisphere

Wespes et al. (2018) present the global fingerprints of recent changes in the tropospheric O3 levels measured by IASI over 2008 – 2017. Using appropriate multivariate regression methods, we discriminate significant anthropogenic trends from various modes of natural variability captured by IASI. A band-like pattern of significant negative trends of ~|0.5| DU/yr on average is […]

10.07.2018

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